Almost everyone has had or experienced acne. This is considered common, as most adolescents who are growing up ever experience acne so it is considered a normal part of puberty. Not just adolescents, adults can also experience this. Despite the normal, but the presence of acne can interfere with your appearance, especially pimples.
Acne occurs when the oil glands (sebaceous glands) attached to the hair follicles in the skin pores, are stimulated at puberty or because of other hormonal changes and eventually produce excess sebum. Sebum or oil is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. In addition, the buildup of dead skin cells or bacterial infections in the skin pores can also cause acne.
Acne Fumes Indicate Infection
Acne can be found almost anywhere in the body. However, acne more often appears on the face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders. There are various types of acne, namely blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules or pimples.
Pustules or purulent pimples are small red pimples that have pus at the edges. This festering pimple can appear when you have an infection in your body, where white blood cells try to fight it. That’s what causes a mixture of fluid on the skin infected with germs and white blood cells die to pus. When pus develops under the skin or the pores of your skin, it can lead to the formation of pustules or festering pimples.
The purulent acne or pustule has a smaller size, between 5 to 10 millimeters. The appearance of pus may indicate a bacterial or fungal infection. Several types of pustules may also arise that are not caused by infection, these types of pustules are sterile and are caused by inflamed skin diseases such as in pemphigus or psoriasis.
Some things that can cause acne pimples and other acne are hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy, certain medications such as birth control pills or corticosteroids, have an acne parent or family, and a diet high in sugar or carbohydrates such as chips or Bread and oily foods such as: fried or pizza
How To Overcome Acne
If you experience acne pimples, you can do some ways to overcome the acne, including:
- Do not squeeze pimples Acne does interfere with appearance, especially when it appears in the face. This condition is not uncommon to make you become tempted to squeeze pimples. However this is not recommended, as it may pose a risk of infection and trigger more severe inflammation. Acne can actually go away by itself if your skin care is done well. If the purulent acne breaks by itself, wipe it with cotton or sterile gauze and spread it with antibiotic ointment. For better treatment, and do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist.
- Using over-the-counter medicines without prescription To overcome pustules or acne pustules, you can use over-the-counter topical medicines on the market without a doctor’s prescription, such as calamine lotion or benzoyl peroxide gel. For benzoyl peroxide, available in the form of acne gel and cream. Benzoyl peroxide is used to dry out acne and prevent new acne. Benzoyl peroxide can also kill acne-causing bacteria.
- Using sulfur and salicylic acid Sulfur is a natural herb with a distinctive aroma found in some lotions, cleansers, and masks. While salicylic acid at certain concentrations are often contained in soap and acne prickly cleansers can help prevent unclogged pores. When the pores are clean, facial skin is prevented from acne. When using an ointment that contains salicylic acid to overcome acne, avoid the use of facial cleansers that are exfoliating.
- Use of antibiotics If the purulent acne that you have is difficult to treat and eliminated, usually the doctor will give oral or topical antibiotic drugs to kill the bacteria that cause acne and reduce inflammation. Usually, antibiotics are only used for a short time, so your body does not build resistance and allow yourself to be susceptible to infection. Use of antibiotics tailored to the germs that cause infections on acne and on the advice of doctors.
- Isotretinoin (Accutane) This is a vitamin A-based drug used to treat severe cases of nodular acne. This drug is used when other drugs have been tried, but acne does not go away. The use of acne medications containing tretinoin should not be given to pregnant women, as it can cause defects in the fetus. Another side effect of using an ointment drug containing tretinoin is skin irritation that can cause dry and itchy skin. When using an ointment containing this substance, facial skin should not be exposed to sunlight. Use of isotretinoin group drugs should be consulted with a dermatologist.
In addition to some of the above, the purulent acne seems to be prevented in various ways, such as wash your face twice a day with a face cleaner without oil, avoid exposure to sunlight, wash your face with a mild soap for the skin and not irritant, avoid makeup containing Oil (look for noncomedogenic label), remove makeup and cleanse your skin thoroughly before going to bed , take a shower after exercise, avoid tight clothes, eat healthy foods, and reduce stress. Sleep at least 8 hours every night.
If you have done various ways to treat acne pimples but have no results, you are advised to immediately consult your situation with a dermatologist to get the treatment and treatment that is right for you.